PHO is accountable to the minister of health and long-term care through the chair of the Board of Directors. According to its enabling legislation, it operates as a separate entity from the government but within a broader accountability framework set in government directives and procedures.
The board is responsible for strategic planning and for ensuring that PHO’s strategic, business and operational plans, policies and activities are consistent with the MOHLTC’s policy directions as communicated by the minister. PHO has the ability to communicate findings based on scientific and technical research and knowledge. However, in emergency situations, this communication will take place through the emergency chain of command. The board recruitment process is handled through the government’s Public Appointments Secretariat.